Road lighting has changed little since the invention of electric lighting in the 19th century. However, radical changes in outdoor lighting are to be expected. There are increasing concerns about the abundance of light at night. Climate change and the impending shortage of fossil fuels, as well as current knowledge on the detrimental effects of luminous pollution make conventional lighting, which is operative even when no street users are present, no longer justifiable. At the same time, technological developments in solid state lighting, such as Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) or Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs), offer many new possibilities: They allow better control over the illumination output and color spectrum, and the flexible OLEDs can make any street furniture to act as luminaire. Clearly, there is both a societal need and a technological drive for radically changing the way we light our streets at night. Combined with sensing technology, LED-based luminaires may adapt continuously to street users, providing lighting only when and where it is needed most. Similarly, energy may be saved by tuning the color spectrum to those wavelengths (i.e., blues and greens) to which the eye is most responsive during the night (i.e., under mesopic conditions. These new lighting solutions have implications for both practice and research. Little is yet known about how much energy these new technologies practically save, or how they support the functions of street lighting (e.g., visibility, crime reduction, and providing a sense of safety at night). Much can be learned about evaluating users’ experiences with these technologies especially when implemented in existing neighborhoods. It is often difficult to make theoretically informed decisions on how new lighting solutions need to be implemented, let alone to predict how they affect people’s safety feelings. This illustrates our limited knowledge of how lighting affects perceived personal safety. Intelligent road lighting, for example, requires knowledge not only about how much lighting is needed, but where it is needed as well. How visibility changes under mesopic lighting conditions is yet another question that needs more research attention. This symposium brings together five presentations that advance our understanding of the possibilities and psychological barriers of new lighting technologies: Haans, A. & van Rijswijk, L. Shedding a light on pedestrian attention: Anxiety and gaze patterns. Kuhn, L., Johansson, M., & Laike T. Residents’ perception of outdoor LED-lighting during the winter season. Reuss, M. & Schweizer-Ries, P. Experiences from implementing energy efficient street lighting: Public safety perceptions, participation issues and the relevance of decisions by the municipality. van Rijswijk, L., & Haans, A. Brilliant nights and brilliant lights: How does lighting affect safety feelings? Vitta, P. et al. Psychophysical aspects of energy-efficient solid-state street lighting.