"We investigated the place attachment to neighbourhoods in the city of Natal, the state capital of Rio Grande do Norte, in Brazil. Neighbourhoods are the proximate spaces to places and its components, and vary in their physical, social and cultural aspects (Guest & Wierzbicki, 1999). They may involve more or less contact among residents, local participation, institutions, symbols and individuals or groups who identify and qualify the local context. Place attachment, on its turn, is a positive affective bond between persons and environments, whose principal characteristic is people's need to stay closer to the object of attachment (Hidalgo & Hernández, 2001; Lewicka, 2010).In face of the contemporaneous declining of neighbourhood ties and their importance to the understanding of the social-environmental context of cities, we decided to investigate, in neighbourhoods in which such affective relations are still preserved, how they develop, their dimensions, and the factors responsible for their maintenance. We employed a panel of experts to jointly discuss the theme and to select two neighbourhoods in the district of Alecrim. Eleven residents of these neighbourhoods, acknowledged by local population as knowledgeable of local reality, were interviewed about the relations among the locals. The results clearly indicated three main dimensions related to the development of place attachment in the investigated neighbourhoods: (1) the social dimension, particularly due to the cooperation among residents; (2) the physical, related to both the daily basis services offered in the vicinity and the geographic position of the district, central to the city; and (3) the symbolic dimension, associated to the many local traditions of festivities, religious events, songs, football clubs and the greatest "feira" (outdoor market) of the city, all carrying and reinforcing the name of the district. The social support network among residents was indicated as the main component of attachment to the place, and strongly connected to the intention of socializing at the neighbourhood level. Such support is strengthened by the meaning residents attribute to the place as a fundamental element for their social network establishment. The physical surroundings act as mediator to many activities in the neighbourhoods, as in the case of socialization practices on the sidewalks, or frequent "street events" involving the population. The cultural characteristics were pointed out as pride-producers for the residents, besides creating a clear image of the district for outsiders. In addition, it is important to mention that such aspects of the local culture are part of the abovementioned intention of socialization at the neighbourhood level based on values transmitted within family generations or brought from cities of smaller scale. "