Among the determinants of ecologically sustainable lifestyles there are several types of psychological predispositions. In this study we analyze the practice of environmental care in association with two of these predispositions: the pro-ecological commitment and the orientation towards the future. A questionnaire was applied to 380 university students of the city of Natal (Brazil), most of whom were female (77%) and the overall mean age was 22 (SD = 3.66). The first part of the questionnaire contained socio-demographic items and a dichotomous question (yes/no) related to the practice of environmental care. In case of an affirmative answer, the respondent had to describe such practice(s). The second part included the Scale of Ecocentric and Anthropocentric Environmentalisms (EAE; Thompson & Barton, 1994) and the Scale of Consideration of Future Consequences (CCF; Strathman et al., 1994). Responses to the two scales were submitted to factor analysis, in order to obtain factor scores particularly suitable to the characteristics of the group of participants. The majority of participants (78%) were considered caregivers, i.e., reported practices of environmental care. The ecocentric environmentalism was characterized by items related to the well-being of contact with nature (Alpha = 0.839); the anthropocentric environmentalism was composed by items concerning the maintenance of natural resources for the welfare and quality of human life (Alpha = 0.701); and the environmental apathy by items related to the indifference and lack of involvement in pro-environmental issues (Alpha = 0.660). The analysis of orientation towards the future (CCF Scale) resulted in two factors: Immediate, composed by items that indicate a high concern with immediate consequences of current actions (Alpha = 0.756); and Future, made up by items related to a high degree of importance given to the future consequences of behavior (Alpha = 0.580), confirming the two-factor solution proposed by recent studies. The final analysis involved the predispositional variables as predictors of the Environmental Care. A matrix of correlations among the predictor variables showed coefficients and significance values in the expected directions; for example, Future Orientation was negatively correlated with Environmental Apathy, while well correlated with Ecocentric Environmentalism. All the differences of means between caregivers and non-caregivers were also consistent with our theoretical expectations, and some of them reached statistical significance. A multivariate analysis of the model (logistic regression) indicated Environmental Apathy and Anthropocentric Environmentalism as the two best predictors for the absence of Environmental Care practices. Our results show the importance and feasibility of relating variables conceptually distinct (pro-ecological and temporal predispositions with actual behaviour) under the overall notion of sustainability.