Current day road lighting systems are increasingly associated with energy waste and luminous pollution. They illuminate the streets during most, if not all, of the night even when no street users are present. Luminaries based on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) will reduce energy consumption, but only to a limited extent.Additional savings become possible when LED technology is combined with sensors to detect the presence and behavior of road users. Such intelligent dynamic road lighting provides light only when and where it is needed most. However, where do people benefit most from road lighting? Haans and colleagues (2011) found that pedestrians feel safer when their immediate surroundings are illuminated even if this means having less light in the more distal parts of the road (see Vita and colleagues in this symposium for a similar finding). Strangely, participants also indicated to have better prospect, or a better overview over the street, despite there being less light in the distance (cf. Fisher & Nasar, 1992). Unfortunately, we still know too little about how lighting affects safety feelings to understand these findings. One explanation might be that a more strongly illuminated action space allows pedestrians to respond more effectively to immediate threats. One possible way of exploring this hypothesis is by means of eye-tracking. Do pedestrians pay more attention to their immediate surroundings, including the road sides, than to the road ahead? Are such gaze patterns dependent on the emotional state of the pedestrian? In other words, do gaze patterns change when people are happy or a bit anxious? To test these hypotheses, we implemented a three condition (anxious, neutral, or happy emotional state) between-subject experiment with participants’ gaze patterns as the dependent variable. We are currently running the experiment and are aiming at total 60 participants, both men and women. Emotional state is induced by having the participants watch one of three short movies (e.g., Schaefer et al., 2010): A scene from the movie “The shining” to induce fear or anxiety, a scene from the animation movie “Jungle book” to induce happiness, and moving geometrical figures accompanied by elevator music for the neutral control condition. While sitting in front of a monitor, alone, and in an otherwise dark room, each participant first watches one of the movies.Subsequently, participants are shown a series of photographs taken at different positions along a street after sundown. These photos are displayed on a computer screen, one after the other, with each photo displayed for three seconds. This creates the suggestion of walking through the street (Wang & Taylor, 2006). A Tobii eye-tracker and the Tobii-studio software is used for collecting gaze patterns and performing the analyses. Results will be discussed in relation to the effect of lighting on safety feelings and user requirements for intelligent dynamic lighting.