This article reviews the literature on fear, and particularly on fear of crime occurring in natural environments in urban areas. Applying theories related to fear of crime, namely indirect victimization model , disorder model & community concern model) and prospect and refuge theory this review paper aims to analyse the findings of past studies on fear of crime in these environments, for example in terms of what factors evoke feelings of fear or fear of crime in a natural environment. In addition, the authors also examine literatures on perceived danger (cognitive appraisal) in natural environments because fear (emotional reaction) must always be accompanied by a cognitive element (Gabriel & Greve, 2003). The results of the review include an overview of the regions which have conducted studies on fear of crime in natural environment, types of natural environment studied, the most common types of environmental stimulus used, the methods applied, types of respondents, and main study findings. Finally based on a synthesis of the literature a conceptual framework is presented. The proposed conceptual framework highlights the factors which evokes fear of crime in natural environment and its interactions, and argues for including the prospect-refuge theory. The paper concludes with identifying research and offers suggestions for future research