Increases in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as heavy precipitation and droughts have been observed worldwide (World Meteorological Organization, 2010). As a result, people around the world are being and will be affected by the loss of homes, water scarcity, food insecurity and the incidence of diseases, among others (Richardson, et al., 2009). In Latin America, the increased intensity and frequency of such events adds to the complex social problems facing the continent’s most vulnerable populations, exacerbating problems of provision of basic services, pollution, poverty and unemployment (Garibaldi & Rey Santos 2006; Hardoy & Pandiella, 2010; Magrin, et al., 2007).In the case of Venezuela, heavy rains that have hit the most vulnerable sectors of the country have highlighted the complexity of the underlying social vulnerability to these climatic events. However, few studies have investigated the relationships between individuals and their local environment in the context of extreme weather events in vulnerable populations. This presentation will discuss the findings of a PhD research project that aims to explore human-environment relations from a psychosocial perspective, using as research strategy qualitative case study of a community located at the periphery of the Metropolitan area of Caracas. It is suggested that human-environment relationships can be better understood through an exploration of a) the social impacts of intense rainfall in that particular place, b) people’s understandings of the local environment in the light of their experiences of intense rainfall c) the particular socio-economic issues of the place that are shaping the relationships between people and the local environment and finally d) people’s understandings of community and their own ability to influence community decision-making towards the local environment. Ethnographic methods such as participant observation, walking interviews and group discussions were used for data gathering.