"The attractiveness of a neighborhood is a recurrent theme, mostly referring to all the residential, objective (Vogt and Marans, 2004) or perceived characteristics (Chhetri, Stimson and Western, 2006) which influence the decision to live in a neighborhood. However, in our knowledge, there is little research which focus on the attractiveness of the neighborhood, such as perceived by its inhabitants. Resulting from a strong rootedness, from an "identity of territory " (Payet, 2000), the attractiveness is translated by a movement of aspiration aroused by the neighborhood for those who live but also for those who lived there and feel the need to come back living there in a more or less temporary way (Bordet, 1998).In a study led with teenagers living in neighborhoods with strong cultural diversity in France, Rioux and Mokounkolo (2005) suggest to clearly differentiate this concept from the attachment in the neighborhood which Bonnes and Secchiaroli (1995) define as the emotional constituent of the link which unites a person with a given place. Our research is set in the continuation of this previous study and tries to understand the links between the attachment to the neighborhood and the attractiveness of the neighborhood among the population from the Maghreb living in "Paris suburb".143 participants, from 19 to 73 years old (m = 34.61 ; S.D=18.24) living in buildings of popular neighborhoods of the Paris region (France) answered a questionnaire including- a descriptive part (age, sex and perceived culture of origin), - the French adaptation (Rioux et Mokounkolo, 2005) of the neighborhood Attachment Scale de Bonnes et al. (1997).- the questionnaire of perceived attractiveness created by Rioux and Rouag (2009). It includes twenty seven items distributed in three dimensions: "Services and arrangement of the neighborhood" (12 items), "Atmosphere of the neighborhood" (9 items) and " connections with peers and the neighbors" (6 items).The results very clearly show the necessity of differentiating attachment to the neighborhood and perceived attractiveness. Indeed, these measures both appear not correlated for the participants considering themselves of Moroccan or Tunisian culture. Also, among the Algerian, a single factor structuring the perceived attractiveness correlates to the attachment in the neighborhood (r = .67, p < 0,01), so testifying of a very partial interdependence between both concepts. This factor entitled "Services and arrangement of the neighborhood" refers to the implemented actions of valuation of the neighborhood by public authorities in terms of services and activities proposed to the community and concerning ? internal and external arrangement of the neighborhood. This result probably translates the situation of expectation from the institutions in which these inhabitants are towards their neighborhood of membership."