Introduction: Now, the decreasing birthrate of Japan is serious issue as well as increasing aging rate. Therefore, many measures have been taken to improve on the issues. Recently, improving the qualitative on caring environment is more and more required. However, the very few studies have been conducted about QAP “Qualitative Assessment Protocol” on caring environment for early childhood. The other side, QAP on caring environment for elderly persons with dementia was developed as PEAP “The Professional Environmental Assessment Protocol (Weisman J. , et al. 1996)”. The PEAP deals with not only physical, but also the socio-psychological and operative environment. It is also important to develop QAP on caring environment for early childhood, who learn and develop abilities through various experiences.

The purpose of this study is to develop QAP, and to apply the PEAP idea for the elderly to environment for early childhood.

The study is consists of bibliographical and caring environmental researches.

1) Bibliographical research: The purpose is to get the items and key words of questionnaire for developing QAP. Firstly, about four hundred findings are extracted and classified. Secondly, the items of questionnaire are made through comparing the classified findings with dimensions of PEAP.

2) Caring environmental research: The purpose is to clarify the important items of questionnaire of QAP. Firstly, the staffs answer the degree of necessity and performance on the each item. Secondly, the main elements are taken from pictures with captions.

3) Analysis: Characteristics on the items of questionnaire are founded by Factor Analysis on the degree of necessity and performance, and develop QAP.

1) The potentiality for applying PEAP to QAP

The items of questionnaire are classified into eight dimensions and thirty-five heads as QAP. Eight dimensions are named such as “I. Self-selection of activity”, “II. Smoothly relocation from daily life”, “III. Adjustment of comfortable stimulation”, “IV. Adjustment of contact”, “V. Secure territory”, “VI. Legibility of environment”, “VII. Safety and security” and “VIII. Learning through experiences”. Thus, the items of questionnaire based on the PEAP are classified again as QAP. Therefore, the idea of PEAP is considered to be applicable to develop QAP.

2) The characteristic of each dimension

The necessity and performance are the highest in dimension VII of keeping safety and security. The dimension is considered as precondition for early childhood. Then, the necessity and performance are also relatively higher on dimension I and VIII. These two dimensions support development of functions such as the independence and desire to learn. Moreover, the necessity and performance are lower on dimension II and IV. However, these dimensions are unconsciously performed by some caring staffs. The necessity on the items of questionnaire differs from each group of age.

Weisman J., Lawton M.P., Sloane P. D., Calkins M. & Norris-Baker L., (1996). The Professional Environmental Assessment Protocol, School of Architecture, University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee