Introduction

A preparation of environment for based personhood is required for group care unit. Recently, some advanced research has regarded personhood not as personalization but as personhood. A direct approach of planning for a conceptualization and captures the meaning from the utterance of the elderly with dementia.

The purpose of this study is to clarify conceptualizing the environment of private room based on "personhood" of elderly with dementia in group care unit and relations between it and dwelling consciousness. The recognition of the group care unit, first purpose is planning for a conceptualization of environment of group care unit. Second, the difference of recognition as an abode clarifies a factor given to the conceptual and furnished environment.

1) Object of investigation is three group homes and one nursing home. Object of investigation intend the care of individual respect and to practice the unit care. Elderly with dementia of surveyed consistent conversations is possible and lives in private room.

2) First, the personal data of family structure of the person of investigation. Tastes are extracted from the preliminary survey of the facility staff. Second, interviews of conversational form investigate is performed in a private room of each person of investigation. Third, the environment of an article is investigated by visual and photography. The conceptualization of the private room environment for personhood is founded by M-GTA.

1) The conceptual model of the environment of private room based on personhood of the elderly with dementia is structured by eight aspect including personalization.

2) The person of investigation is divided into groups which recognize the final abode or the temporary abode to be the environment of private room.

2)-1 In the elderly with dementia based on the recognition of the final abode, it is contained all aspect of the conceptual model. Especially, they are focused on the article. The article is one that represents the connection with family and friends and shows the personal feelings. The utterance of the group “the final abode” shows installing the thing showing an individual prejudice and relation with family and friends. Thus, the equipment of the private room of the group “the final abode” is considered to feel like the comfort of home. Therefore in the elderly with dementia based on the recognition of the final abode, it is important that it promotes continuity and autonomy while maintaining personalization and secures social relationship and stability.

2)-2 In the elderly with dementia based on the recognition of the temporary abode, it is contained certain aspect of the conceptual model. But they are not relatively focused on the article. The certain aspects are focused on their whereabouts and activities of their tastes. The utterance of the group “the temporary abode” shows installing some articles which can be brought home simply. Therefore, in the elderly with dementia based on the recognition of the temporary abode, the private properties are not suddenly carried, and it is important to change their recognition little by little.