The author acts upon the shortcoming of knowledge regarding the unique effect of physical characteristics of place on place attachment and spatial place identity, while controlling for a social dimension of place, identified as social attachment and social place identity. The research builds upon Scannell and Gifford’s (2010) concept of place attachment as a multidimensional model, in which physical and social facilitators are part, and place identity is interrelated. The place identity concept is further informed by Breakwell’s identity process model (1986) and Twigger-Ross and Uzzell’s (1997) framework. The research focuses on residents living in the Barbican Estate, chosen for its distinct spatial and social composition. Place attributes were identified through qualitative walkthrough interviews (N=8) by employing thematic analysis. Subsequently, these were validated through a quantitative questionnaire survey (N=79), employing exploratory factor analysis. Further, multiple regression analysis was used to systematically test their impact on both concepts while controlling for the social dimension of place. Significant predictors of both concepts were and . was found to predict place attachment, and to predict spatial place identity. Although, not quantitatively validated, but of qualitative importance, , , , , , and are postulated to impact directly or indirectly on both concepts. Further, results add to the theory of identity processes, as they provide quantitative and qualitative evidence of a spatially determined place identity (spatial place identity) in contrast to a socially determined place identity (social place identity).