Community based Research on Malnutrition in Children of urban slum of Surat (Gujarat)

Title: Assessment of Malnutrition in Urban Slam.

Background: The WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition seeks to contribute to the transformation of this cycle of poverty, malnutrition and disease into a virtuous one of wealth, growth and health.

Objective

1) To assess magnitude of Malnutrition in Urban Slum.

2) To study magnitude of malnutrition in different age groups and among boys and girls of urban slums

3) To compare different anthropometric indices.

Method: Study area: Anganwadi center in urban slum area which is attached to Surat based Anganwadi Training center was selected for study.

Sample Size

91 children (0-6 years) of urban slum registered in an anganwadi Centre in Udhna.

Study design

Cross sectional study

Expected outcome

Magnitude of childhood malnutrition assessed.

Result

Out of 91 children, 41(45%) children were normal. 32% were moderately underweight and 23% children were severely under weight. Malnutrition as well as severe malnutrition is high among children who most irregularly participating at AWC activities. In this study indices used are Wt/Age to detect underweight children, Wt/Ht and MUAC to detect wasting. Comparative analysis of these indices indicates that under weight children are more that wasted children. 75% of SAM children are in SUW.

Conclusions

The SMC health dept. with its unique infrastructure, AWC network and initiatives like Urban IMNCI, with quality screening for malnutrition and supportive supervision can reduce malnutrition rate as well as rate of SAM responsible for child mortality.