Human behaviors are directly influenced by attitudes that are composed by information, beliefs and values . Therefore, knowing the environmental attitudes seems an unavoidable step in the development of strategies that promote sustainability (Hidalgo & Hernandez, 1998). This study aims to assess environmental attitudes of college students regarding the garbage, checking if university experience promotes pro-environmental attitudes. We start from the idea that university education positively influences environmental attitudes, in other words that a greater permanence in the academic context create opportunities for awareness and commitment to environmental and sustainability related issues. Our investigation was conducted at the State University of Santa Cruz (UESC) in Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil. A total of 181 students participated, aged 17 to 46 years old, with 56.4 % females and 43.6 % males. The sample population was limited to students who were entering in university or leaving it in 2013. In an exploratory and descriptive approach, we adopt the following strategies: observation and photographic record of how garbage is processed at the campus; a questionnaire about the selective collection of solid waste and the NEP – scale (Dunlap et al 2000). The observations and photographic records of waste management in the university revealed that although there are appropriate recycling containers for selective collection, they are in places of difficult access and remote from the main points of waste generation as canteens, restaurants and living areas. Also no visual materials posted to alert about the selective collection and disposal of solid waste were found. In general campus accumulates a lot of trash on the ground that must be continually swept by the cleaning staff. When asked about where to dispose of garbage would be correct 99.4 % of the subjects stated that the trash was the ideal place. Among the students 47.5 % feel "very uncomfortable" with the garbage all over the floor while 50.8 % reported getting " uncomfortable" and only 1.7 % of the students pointed out that the garbage "do not disturb me ." As for the selective collection, the majority of respondents say they know about it (82.6 %), while only 27.9 % of students use the selective collection bins frequently and 12.3% reported not using the bins. The implementation of the NEP - scale resulted in a mean value of 3.68, and 3.76 among first-year students and 3.70 among last-year students. These results show us that there is no significant difference in environmental attitudes among students who come to UESC and those who are graduating. In our next analysis we will also compare the results with other national and international studies using the NEP - scale among college students. We believe that our research can give subsidies for the development of an environmental education in the participating university and the reformulation of strategies for selective collection on it campus.