Designing a Just Decision Making Policy will play an essential role in the transition to a sustainable society with clear and just relations between the citizens and their government. Implementation of a just process or policy requires adopting new comprehensive approaches that offer integrated solutions to critical issues based on the local characteristics of the local community, especially for indigenous and disadvantaged groups. My research focused on the Palestinian Arabs in Israel, who comprise 20% of the State's total population. As indigenous people, they are landowners of most of the land belonging to Arab localities. However, as a minority group, they suffer from a low socio-economic status.

The research objective was to examine whether public participation in planning promotes procedural justice in the Arab sector. This includes examining whether the planning takes into consideration the unique spatial characteristics and the land rights of Arabs as an indigenous and disadvantaged minority.

The research examined the decision making process in the preparation of local master plans in 10 Arab townships in Israel. The research was implemented in two tracks: (1) examination of the public participation procedures in decision making before the discussion of the local Master Plans in the district planning committee; (2) examination of the decision-making procedure within the district planning committee and other relevant planning committees.

The research mainly focused on two levels: (1) the collective property and participation rights in decision making; and (2) the social-cultural characteristics of the Arab society. These two levels, in addition to procedural justice principles, were the basis for the development of the "Integrated Rules” on both the general and the contextual levels. These "Integrated Rules" on both levels are the tools for examining if the decision-making process implemented was just, comprehensive and appropriate to the local needs and critical issues of the local community. This examination allows the evaluation of how much the decision making process promotes a more sustainable society.

The use of the Integrated Rules could serve as a model that could be implemented in other decision making processes with the need to adopt it to the local context of the society.