Liveability is the main goal of sustainable design in order to create quality of place identity in our cities. Central to this goal is an understanding of the holistic conception of human- environment relationships addressed by the transactional perspective to explain the concept of place (Al­Kodmany et al., 2012).

Nevertheless, some pioneering attempts describe place as an experiential entity that integrates human activities and forms of spaces. Canter (1977) and Norberg-Schulz (2007) observed that place could be perceived as a socio-physical unit of environmental experience from the inter-relation between human actions and the physical attributes. This explains how the daily experience of outdoor spaces in our cities has profound impacts on the collective identity of places.

In this sense landscape architecture has profound capability to respond to human dimensions relevant to place making activities. Nevertheless, the urban design stream of landscape architecture is evidently still far from the holistic human/environment relations addressed as key contributor to the identity of places (Kaymaz, 2013).

Nowadays, serious attempts call for the development of experiential landscape as a way to conceptualize man/space relations in the routinely confronted outdoor spaces.

The concept of experiential landscape is committed to address the spatial dimensions as integrative to the human experiences. Thus, it emphasizes the outdoor spaces as a holistic human experience rather than a spatial composition (Thwaites and Simkins, 2007).

This research highlights features and components of experiential landscape concept as an analytic procedure to study the identity of places in our cities. The study aims to explain how the concept is applicable to examine characteristics of outdoor spaces from social, psychological and cultural perspectives. It adopts a theoretical analytic method to review theories explaining concept of place, and processes relevant to place-identity. Theoretical analysis to research applications of experiential landscape concept led to the development of a conceptual framework in which characteristics of outdoor spaces together with aspects of place-identity are perceived holistically. Accordingly, the study suggested integrative analytic procedures to examine aspects of the outdoor spaces in their relevance to place-identity.


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