The aim of this study is to discuss the contribution of space syntax theory and space syntax research methods to various disciplines including the design research. In the broader area of design-based researches, space syntax can be seen as a dialect of design research with its contribution to not only the fields of urban design, urban planning, architecture and interior architecture, but also to interdisciplinary design including urban and architectural design fields’ relationship with social sciences such as geography, psychology, anthropology and ecology. Moreover, various research fields including archeology, landscape design, transportation, and information technology are also using the space syntax approach and methods. In the context of transitions to sustainable societies, space syntax related research’s contribution to both syntactic and semantic point of view is crucial for interpreting design research and policy for changing lifestyles and communities.

This paper will examine the theory of space syntax in relation with Social Logic of Space (Hillier and Hanson, 1984) and the nature of the concepts in space syntax related with spatial design research. The way of perception in space syntax theory is spatial recognition and Social Logic of Space is discussing the relationship between the social forces and the outside affects that are producing the shapes around us. According to the architectural theories’ point of view, space syntax is contributing to a better understanding of the relationship between social constraints and shape possibilities with its methods examining design characteristics and organizations of spaces starting from urban scale to interior design scale. This point of view is also important for designing research and policy for the changing lifestyles. The social logic of space is also supporting a discussion about the obstacles on our way to a better design of the environment for all scales. In this context, one of the most important obstacles is the difficulty of understanding the sensitive nature of the relationship between social life and spatial organizations. Space syntax is suggesting a method to analyze the spatial pattern of the social content and the social content of the spatial pattern at the same time, which is crucial to make a research about the morphological relations of design especially in architecture.

The key definitions of space syntax theory and methodology such as isovist (Benedikt, 1979; Hillier and Hanson, 1984), and convex space (Hillier et al., 1987) should also be introduced for a better understanding of the concepts of space syntax. Isovist is a concept of spatial recognition that defines any particular viewpoint in a space with its visibility field and viewpoint’s visibility field can also be called as the isovist field in relation with the concept of convex space, where convex spaces are the basis of space syntax analysis.

In the context of space syntax, the syntax and the semantics of the spaces are completing the whole understanding of space organizations. Syntactic and semantic dimensions are producing the spaces that we design, live and analyze all together rather than acting separately in spatial formation processes.