As China has the largest number of elderly people in the world, the issue of the aged people has been a serious matter of concern in Chinese government and society. Accordingly, substantial research has been done so far in relation to aging topic. However, little research about the residence of the aged people that support their basic life has been carried possibly under the unique oriental culture. Considering the vast number of aging population, its aging speed and rapid social changes due to globalization and information age, it is right time to start research on housing preference. For this reason the purpose of this study is identify preferred characteristics of housing for their later years, especially in the situation of living alone in healthy condition.This study surveyed 152 elderly residents aged 50 including early aged people in China utilizing a developed questionnaire asking about their residential preferences such as types of residence, location of residence, size of residence, types of ownership in case of living alone in healthy condition. Data were collected during September, 2013, and analyzed using SPSS. As results, even in single in healthy condition, they preferred to live in independent residence, in urban area, and to have ownership and small size houses. And the residential preference was different according to gender, age, spouse, the number of children, the residential distance with children, source of income, and monthly income. The results were interpreted under the cultural and social context of China. Implications were given for housing development for the Chinese elderly.