The deprived areas in cities have a high portion of unused spaces where have not been managed.One of means for utilizing these unused spaces is the community garden.Although the community garden has various effects, the psychological and social effects are significant for age population who lives in deprived areas.The purpose of this research is to explore the psychological and social effects of community garden related characteristics, which utilized unused areas in deprived areas on local residents more specifically, the participation for community gardens, the physical distance from their houses to community gardens, and the visibility of community gardens from their houses. Considering the high portion of aging population in the study area, this study categorized residents into three residents groups, including groups who live in areas within 1) two minutes, 2) five minutes, and 3) ten minutes, walking distance from the community garden. Data from 90 interviews were analyzed for this study. Factor analysis was utilized for the items of the scale developed to measure the effects. Multiple regression analysis was done to find out the relative degree of the impact among the three variables. The result in this study reveals that the participation in community garden activities is the most significant factors which effect local residents’ psychological and social responses positively. And also, the physical distance have significant effect on the local residents’ social behavior rather than psychological response. Lastly, it appears that the visibility of community garden affects more on the psychological response than the social behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to consider these factors when community gardens are designed and planned in deprived urban areas.Following implications for planning and design of community gardens in deprived areas are addressed from the results of this study. First, it is important to involve local residents, who want to participate, in the planning process of community gardens as much as possible. Also, a variety of contents and programs are needed to facilitate residents’ participation beyond direct participation. Second, there is a need for placing community gardens in the appropriate locations within ten minutes walking distances for the age population with the consideration of physical distance from local residents’ houses. Third, community gardens need to be placed at the visible location from the many residences or at the location where local residents pass plentifully.