Keywords Abstract
Korosec-Serfaty, Perla. "A Home of One's Own Psychological and Social Factors in Detached Housing." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "This survey is based on a representative sample of 2 427 families sys-tematically selected out of a population of 5 582 who purchased a new single-family home or had one built in 1978 in Alsace (Eastern France). After stressing the links between the aspiration for this kind of housing and the characteristics of the previously occupied homes (qua-lities, equipment, location etc...) and after outlining the socio-economic profile of the buyers, the author highlights the importance of the detached house ideology in France. The dimensions of the aspi-ration for this kind of housing are then described, leading to an analysis of toe conflicts and congruences between the ownership and the appropriation of the home, and between the economic motivations ("protecting one's savings") and the psychological ones ("feeling at home"). The dimensions "living in a home one has personally chosen", "making one's own home" and "owning a property to hand down to one's heirs" are contrasted with those of the financial and personal com-mitment on the one hand, and of sociability on the other hand. As a conclusion the author shows that the population of single-family-home buyers belongs to the social category that has constantly, in the past hundred years, made its own the detached house ideology and that nowadays equates the ownership of such a house with the achieve-ment of social dignity and status."
Ozturk, Kutsal. "A Proposal Method for Evaluation of People and Tehir Physical Surroundings as a Dialectical Whole." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The focus of this paper is on the interpretation of subjective impressions of people and objective measurements of their physical surroundings as a model for evaluation, derived from the dialectical approach. Using this proposal method for evaluation of physical surroundings (environment, or Architectural design ets.) from the any view points (theoric, aesthetic, economic, social, politic,...), firstly, it is taken subjective impressions of people (subjective measurement)-(s) as freely and then objective measurement (0) is determined. After, correlation control between (5) and (a) we reach to correlative state as the result of the evaluation. Especially, we have some difficulties related to get objective measurements in Art, Architecture and Aesthetics, for this it has been given an example as appendix.
Mueller, Walter S.. "A Utilization - Focused Model of Design Evaluation." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Non-utilization of design evaluations can usually be attributed to (a) misidentification of the major decision-makers and information users (b) lack of genuine collaboration between evaluators, decision makers and building users in focusing on evaluation questions, data collection and interpretation and in the dissemination and use of the results. A number of case studies are used to illustrate some of the conditions under which utilization does and does not reliably occur. Most of the studies do not involve architects during the evaluation process. Mention is therefore made of the empoweritent function of evaluations for clients who must (a) deal with decision makers who control the funding and/or (b) prepare a brief for and work closely with architects.
Muntaflola, Josep. "Architectural Design and Social Sciences Misunderstandings in the Past and Alternatives for the Future." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. In this paper I only seek to clarify the issue, in my opinion still unclear, concerning the relationship between architectural design and the social sciences. By architectural design I understand any process of use, transformation, design or the building of dwelling units or cities. By social sciences I understand all the human sciences within a general and broad framework. In recent history this interrelation has neither been very easy nor very successful. It is no waste of time to reflect on the reason for this difficult interrelation and to ask ourselves questions, which to a great entend will remain without answer; but in the framework of this international Congress perhaps we can set ourserves the task of starting to find some of the answers.
Segaud, Marion. "Code and Popular Aesthetics in Architecture." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "A demonstration of the systems and conventions on which the dwellers elaborate their aesthetics judgements about detached houses. One of the origins of today's crisis in modern architecture can be explained through the divorse between form and the idea that dwellers have of architecture. Dwellers base their aesthetic judgements on a system of basic agreements that no builder can disregard without condemning himself to the most absolute insignificance We have gathered a set of photographs of industrialized houses taken from a catalogue and then asked the users to talk about then. We have registered two different types of approaches -The one based on a predicative system by means of which the dweller describes the qualities that he perceives in such or such a house, reconstructing the data that he gets from the set of images. Concerning the aesthetics of the house, main object of our research, it became evident that the inhabitant established a connection between use and quality, a connection which constitutes the specificity of his words, and which gives him such a strong foundation that not even architects can discuss it. - The one based on a system which enounciates the categories of aesthetic judgement; the dweller then talks about the Aesthetic, relating his own taste to that one of the creator. For him it is a matter of judging "the effect". Among these categories, the category "nice" -which really is the feeling of "nice"- is basic for the aesthetics of the house. These two series of approaches allow us to state that the dweller also establishes a real aesthetic code, which enables us to talk about his vital competence."
Riba, C, F Hernandez, and A. Remesar. "Cognitive Maps and Behaviours Maps Contribution to the Various Levels of the Problem." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The present paper is the result of a debate at the 2nd Meeting of Hispa-noamerican Social Psychology held in Madrid in September 1981. Immediate ly following debates concerning the border lines between Cognitive Maps and Behaviour Maps, we set ourselves the task of organizing an introduc-tory seminar on the subject at the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Educa tion of the University of Barcelona. This paper then, may be read as a reflection upon that seminar. We attempt, basically, to study the theore tical and methodological conditions in which comparison between Cogniti-ve Maps and Behaviour Maps would make sense, but in order to achieve this we first analyne them separately. As we feel that the question of maps has not been too outlined, we have not-dwelt on a system of definitions from the start. What Cognitive Maps and Behaviour Maps may be should be molded in the course of the following considerations. In spite of this, our stance at the start of the seminar and at the begining of this article may be outlined as follows: a) Cogni-tive Maps may be taken as simulations of the cognitive organization of space, which is a product of the subject's activity, or otherwise as the organization itself(for example Stea and Downs, 1977 p.6); as you will see this double meaning heralds the difficulties we shall encounter further on. b) Behaviour Maps are representations on plans (and other projections) or tables of observational data concerning the spatial behaviour of the people seen fundamentally as an interaction with the physical world (for example, Proshansky, Ittelson and Rivlin, 1978 pp 845-846). We trust that it will become patent that these conceptions, apparently wise, hide serious difficulties under a barely critical perspective.
Warfield, James P.. "Cultural Saturation a Methods Laboratory in Environmental Design." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Cultural Saturation is a methodology developed to en-able the architect/planner to integrate material which is essen-tially culture specific in nature into the design process. One form of this approach was tested in the architectural design studios of the University of Illinois. This paper discusses the variety of materials presented in the cultural saturation process and includes illustrations of analysis and design accomplished.
Ellis, Peter, and FRANCIS Duffy. "Design Research in Practice Can It Be Scientific as Well as Respectable?" In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "Architects, especially those who do their own brief preparation or programming, often find themselves in direct communication with individuals, social groups, and organisations who use their design products. Such communication serves a number of purposes. The one which concerns us in this paper is that of generating theory about man-environment relations, for application to immediate design problems and possible generalisations for future situations. We define this theory-generating involvement between designers and users as "design research". The aim of this paper is to discuss the nature of design research in practice as we have experienced it, and to assess its value in comparison with other forms of research, with particular reference to the following criteria: • effectiveness in producing theory which can be applied to the solution of design problems; • respectability; that is, its ability to transcend purely commercial or proprietory objectives; • science; whether and in what sense it may be regarded as scientific."
Bernard, Yvonne, and Patrice Guerpillon. "Dimensions Subjectives De La Perception Du Paysage." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. A landscape is not perceived the same way by a historian or a geographer, a countryman or a townsman. Certain dispositions or competences are particularly capable of influencing perceptive discrimination. One can think, for instance, that painters or people with some artistic education have a particular vision of reality. The present investigation tries to verify this hypothesis by comparing the results obtained in the course of a perspective differentiation task done by individuals who belong to the three different groups: a group of fine arts students; a second group of Psychology students an a control group of other disciplines. The method used is the method of the Repertory Grid, based on Kelly's theory of constructs. The stimuli, which are colour slides of natural landscapes, are presented by triads, and the individual has to express the criteria that connects two photos relating them to a third: by this means we obtain a grid, in which we have, respectively, in lines and columns the photos to be distinguished and the constructs that are associated to the photos. If we compare the groups of individuals, we can study the richness and the diversity of the constructs system used by each group and compare the results of factorial analysis based on these results. These show an important difference between the three groups. Whereas psychologists favor the perceptive elements which manifest man's presence, artists see in landscape line and colour as an ensemble. As for control group,they perceives mainly the natural elements.
Teymijr, Necdet. "Economic Signification of Physical Surroundings." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The absence of economic insights in studies on buildings and cities is identified and the elements of a complex understanding which pays sufficient attention to the political-econoiic zatiire of physical surroundings is presented as an alternative to the narrow, technicist or subjectivist concepts of 'environment' ad 'man' that dominate current research, education and discourse.
Inman, Marjorie, and CHARLAN GRAFF. "Effects of House Style and Life - Cycle Stage on Family Social Climate." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Family social climate, measured by Moos' Family Environment Scale (FES), was compared for 200 families in 4 life-cycle stages residing in selected house styles. In all stages, active/recreational develop-ment is positively related to residential privacy. In the initial stages, all dimensions of FES significantly decrease with the addi-tion of children. As families contract, cohesiveness is greater in houses with more separation (two-story). Dwelling patterns, espe-cially the use of privacy, significantly affect 7 of 10 FES subscales.
Kueller, Rikard. "Environment and Retirement." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Two groups of retired persons were compared, one living in the central, older parts of a city, the other, in a modern housing area in the outskirts of the same city. The preliminary results seem to indicate retired people in one part of a city might feel more isolated and engage in less social interaction and recreational activities than in another nearby part of the city. The paper discusses various factors that might be of importance in order to explain the observed differences.
Argilaga, Maria Teresa. "Evaluation of the Sequential Model of Crowding by Means of the Technique of Simulation." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The investigations concerning the dynamics of behaviour settings imply an analysis of its apati-temporal dimension (Beaumont, 1982). Even though the coexistence of both attributes have been widely discussed (Bennet & Chorley, 1978); clearly, a possible alternative would be to consider the utilization of space along successive stages or points of time (Bennet, 1978) 50 that the necessary material -empirical data-was available for modelling behaviour in certain situations previously charactsrized;it would be later possible to carry out the appropiate theoretical previsions to which empirical results should adjust with the least white noise.
Daish, J, J Gray, and D. Kernohan. "Fitting the Missing Link." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "This paper focuses on our strategy and actions in trying to establish and implement a POE program. Elsewhere (Daish et al, 1982a, 1982b)we describe the stages of the research project and a participatory POE process model which has been developed and tested a number of times in "trial evaluations"."
Clamp, Peter. "Five Accounts of Perception a Guide to Understanding the Literature of Landscape Quality." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "Landscapes must be perceived before their visual qualities may be appreciated, yet in the literature of landscape quality there is no agreement concerning the nature of landscape perception. In this paper, five "accounts of perception" are introduced in turn, and their validity discussed. It is proposed that whereas the first four accounts have some limited validity, only the fifth account is able to provide an adequate explanation of landscape experience, by acknowledging the intelligence and purposefulness of human perception."
Pennartz, Paul. "Homeliness and Beauty in the Urban Environment a Qualitative Approach." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "Three groups are being involved in a research-project on appreciation of situations in the urban environment: lay adults, architectural or urban designers, and teenage children. They were asked to rank photographs along the Q-sort method on qualities as pleasant/unpleasant and beautiful/ugly. comparing our three groups, more differences arose as might be expected by chance, especially between lay adults and teenagers. Differences are consistently found also, when grouping pictures of similar situations such as terrace-like places, green and water areas, old town alleys, monument buildings of modern architecture or constructions of modern art. The "why" question we are trying to answer by in-depth interviews, using a tape-recorder and verbatim typed out texts. A short description is given of the way we are analysing the material. Arguments in favour of a qualitative way of collecting and amalysisng information are given, referring to principles of interpretative sociology and semiotics."
Pol, Enric. "Institutional Programmes of Environmental Psychology." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Once the spectacularity and the novelty of Psychology of Architecture in the early 60s wore off, we found ourselve in a period of resolution, or of perhaps quiet and scarcely conspicuous but constant and expansive work. We no longer have those passionate discussions between those defending the role of the Social Sciences in design processes and those wanting to protect their own smallholding from the violation that the intervention of the Social Sciences represents. Although in the 60s it might have seemed that a tendency existed to see design and planning as a sociological or psychological act, the failure of the course taken and the crisis of faith in Science has led us to a redistribution of roles in this interdisciplinary relationship. As we have said, for some, the abandonment of whatever contribution the Social Sciences could make was final, for they expected specific and stable behavioural responses to specific situations, and this is something the Social Sciences will never give due to their epistemology.Yet we can see how in the official syllabus of training courses in Polytechnics Psychology and the Social Sciences are gradually introduced. The justification is clear. As we read in the justification of some of the programmes analysed, tradicionally architects worked for people with whom they shared a system of cultural values and kept with them direct contact. At present this situation has changed and architects when they have to design dwelling units for anonymous people determine on enforcing their own values upon the user. It is necessary then, at an educational level, to bring closer user and designer.
Dunesnil, Carla. "Interior Design Research a Review of the Literature." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. Interiors research since 1966 is reviewed. Interior research is defined as data-based research applicable to the field of interior design. The only publications considered are those currently applicable and appropri-ate for the design professions: interior design and architecture. A discussion of applicability of design research is presented first. Then, an organization is developed to include basic knowledge, the design pro-cess (people, places and process) and analysis. Next, the important contributions of research are presented according to the organization that had been developed. Finally, conclusions and recommendations are made.
J. Leger, Michel. "More is Less: Dwellers Facing to Architectural Innovation." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The architectural innovation applied to social housing in France was supposed to bring a response to the high rise developments. If it has been generally rejected by the dwellers it is because it didn't integrate an historically and socially determined culture of habitat. Against the idea of normal novelty and originality put forward by the architects, dewellers express patterns of decency and utility.
MacDowell, Ken. "Perceived Satisfaction, Control and Quality in the Home Environment." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The model underlying the research study presented is a version of the stress model of housing. The model assumes that dwellers are confronted with a number of positive and negative stressors in their interaction with their environment, that control over that environment largely de-termines stress directionality, and that perceived satisfaction and quality of the dwelling are transformational constructs with differen-tial utility in predicting maintenance, repair, modification and im-provement activity with respect to that dwelling. Administration of a questionnaire and interview with 100 homeowners and renters in Saska-toon provided results showing strong support for the model. While home-owners and renters were equally satisfied with their dwellings, homeown-ers only perceived themselves in control of stress directionality, and it is only homeowners who perceive and objectify their living in a qual-ity constructed dwelling who are actively involved in transforming their environment.
Janssens, Jan. "Personality and Perception of Building Exteriors." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The effect of individuals' personal and socio-cultural backgrounds on their perception of built environment was studied. Using semantic ratings, 33 subjects judged a town square and three buildings on it, two old and a new one. Personality data on the subjects were also gathered. On the basis of these data, the individuals were sorted into subgroups and their judgements compared. It was shown that most of the personality dimensions affected the environmental experiences in very specific ways.
J. Lenartowicz, Krzysztof. "Psychological Thinking in Architectural Theory Till 1960." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. A general model of experienceable physical environment is adopted. It consists of physical environment //, observers experience // and evaluation // Subjective interpretations of these parameters as opposed to objective ones are regarded as early manifestations of psychological thinking, before psychology appeared as science. It is argued that the parameters are becoming subject of interest of environmental studies consecutively over time. General division in four periods of historical development of the studies is proposed. Three of the periods are analysed.
Levy-Leboyer, Claude. "Psychologie Environnement Et Vandalisme." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "The author reviews the attitudes, dispararing and enthusiastic towards Psychology, Sociology and Design in opposition to Environmental Psychology. At the seine time he claims that only from a well understood environmental perspective one can understand with all its complexity the psychosocial problems. In order to demonstrate his thesis he focusses on the analysis of vandalism as an exempie. Vandalism, before anything else, is an aggression, a destruction of the environment. Very often it is described by Psychologists as an "unconscious" behaviour without meaning and motivation. Underlying this approach is the idea that in this approach vandalism constitutes a pathological and irrational behaviour and the performers are criminals. The point of view of the Sociologists underlines that vandalism is a social behaviour as more often than not, performed by a group rather than by individuals alone, and that it is a rebellion againts the institutions. The architectural point of view rests on the idea that environments that have been subject to vandalism are more "fragile" than the others. This may be true, but only partially true. If we take a fourth point of view -an environmental point of view- we discover a series of facts which the clinical, architectural and social approaches do not explain. "
Mikellides, Byron. "Psychology as an Integral Part of Architectural Education." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The paper below outlines the aspects of Psychology involved in the BA Honours Course in Architectural Studies at the Oxford School, and indicates how it is taught. The Syllabus is put forward here simply as part of the ground upon which we could start a serious attempt to build up psychology as part of architectural education.
Cowenbergh, Jean Pierre. "Purposes of Evaluation of the Built Environment." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "The evaluation of the built environment, which is the subject of this lecture, underlines the need for creating on the basis of past experience. Indeed, all architectural creation originates consequences that should usually correspond to the starting intentions. Nevertheless, it may not succeed, and therefore it may have unpredictable secondary effects, both positive or negative. Very often this information is not recorded, and failures continue to happen. This is where relevance of evaluating and gathering all knowledge concerning relationships between man and built environment lays upon it must be a source of references, preventing in this way any arbitrary decision concerning the future users. The problem of evaluation in architecture is certanly not new; even before architecture became an organized profession, there existed a certain "spontaneous" evaluation. This aspect has been remarked by A.Rapoport and particularly by Ch. Alexander when he described the regulating mechanism of vernacular architecture as being the immediate identification with and reaction against a formal mistake or an unadequate element in the built environment. The architectural evaluation can fulfill a great amount of objectives; but, as a practising architect, the stress will be made on the evaluation of decisions on the process of design, on the design itself, and on the identification of unwanted consequences produced by the bull environment. During the lecture, the following points will be explained - Conceptual aspects of evaluation - Evaluating process - Limits of evaluation."
Brower, S, R. B. Taylor, and S. D. Gottfredson. "Responding to Threat Informal Social Control of Space in Residential Areas." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. This paper is based on a study of the relationship between physical and social features of the residential environment and threat which we define as residents' perceptions of problems, fear, and crime. Information was collected through a variety of methods, including interviews with 448 residents in 32 blocks in 12 neighborhoods in Baltimore. Subjects were selected in the following way. Our primary sampling unit was the neighborhood, and so, using a listing of existing community organizations and the perceptions of Baltimore City planners and com-munity leaders, we prepared a map of Baltimore neighborhoods. In order to identify high-threat and low-threat neighborhoods we chose a combina-tion of income and home-ownership rate. (Fortunately, as shown later, our findings confirmed that these were appropriate measures.) In this way we identified three categories of neighborhoods: Type l was pre-dominantly lower income and renter. Type 3 was predominantly middle income and owner, and Type 2 was a mixture of Types 1 and 3. (Upper income neighborhoods were excluded from the study.) Sampling with a probability proportional to size, we obtained a sample of twelveneigh-borhoods. We then looked for sample blocks within each of the twelve neighborhoods. We decided on a street-face definition of a block (both sides of the street between cross streets) because a previous study (Brower, 1979) had shown that this was likely to represent a social unit. In order to obtain both high-threat and low-threat blocks, a well-informed resident in each of the sample neighborhoods was asked to nominate blocks of two kinds: those where people worked together and watched out for one another, and those where people just went their own ways. Through this procedure we obtained a list of 104 blocks which we classified as high-threat and low-threat. From these, we chose 32 sample blocks. We listed all the residences in each of the sample blocks and then selected a random sample of 448 households to interview.
Espe, Hartmut, and Wolfgang Schulz. "Room Evaluation Moods and Personality." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "The evaluation of rooms is one the most important but rarely investigated questions in architectural psychology. This study looked into relation-ships between room size, relatively constant personlity factors, present moods, demographic variables, and room evaluation. The present mood of a subject was closely related to the evaluation of rooms, both real and ideal. The more balanced the mood, the more positive the judgment. Personality factors, demographic variables, and room size showed little or no relations to the evaluation of rooms. The results clarified the highly emotional nature of room evaluation. In environmental psychology little seems to be known about how differently people perceive rooms (cf. e.g. Wohlwill & Weismam, 1981, for overview). One can assume that the evaluation of rooms is a process that is different from the evaluation of other architectural objects, say facades, since we live and move in rooms. Rooms are a kind of "second skin". The objective of this study was to investigate empirically imdiosyncrasies of room perception and their relationship to personality. In particular the following was of concern: How does one describe the experience of rooms? Is room size, as one of the most important room features, correlated with room perception? Is the evaluation of rooms related to the present mood of a person? Do relatively constant personality traits influence room evaluation? Are age, sex, and profession influential factors? Which are more important, moods or personality traits? What characteristics do ideal rooms have and how do they correlate with demographic variables, moods, and personality?"
Canter, David. "Social Action in Design Nine Questions to Bridge the Gap." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "One of the major confusions in the man-environment literature is the lack of distinction between applied research and consultancy. A more fruitful way of thinking about these different activites is to recognise that "applied" is really the opposite to "fundamental" whereas it is useful to distinguish "consultancy" from "academic" activities. This distinction reserves the label of "Consultant" for someone who is part of the decision making process. In this respect I see little difference between consultancy and action research, except that the latter is often on a much larger scale than the former."
Komninos, Nicos. "Social Relations of Production and Urban Space." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The analysis concerns the social forces and relations of production which command the formation of urban space. It is a theoretical elaboration which relates the urban built environment to the economic and political processes. We will discuss subjects like the development of urban space, the production of basic categories of land uses, the interdependence of land-using activities and the political economy of the production of urban elements.
Crunelle, Marc. "Statement of a Personal Research." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. The study began with the discovery of some surprising aspects in architecture,such as outstanding acoustic phenomena, scented walls, wood that sends insects off, and so on. The survey concentrated on questioning our criteria regarding comfort as well as finding out why there are so few features concerning smell and touch in architecture to finally, in the esthetic plane, try to show the importance of the use of the senses other than sight in built spaces thanks to stimulating spaces.
von Meiss, Peter. "The Home a Matrix of Past and Present." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. In a current research project we are endeavouring to develop an understanding of the interrelationship between people and their homes in terms of the meanings attributed to spatial form and the personal experience of the home through an extended period of the life cycle. I shall attempt to discuss our research in terms of recent developments in architectural theory and design which can be seem as a reassessment of history, symbolic values and, in som instances, as an attempt to reconsider architect - user relations.
Mimura, Mikihiro. "The Sehiological Study of Urban Environment." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. This study was done by application of the semiolopical concepts which treat originally the Expression and the Content of things. Especially they are very useful to observe and understand the Meaning of the settlements to people. Through the analyses of several experiments of the subjects' reactions to simulation films, we could abstract the Semiological Structure of environments.
Albrechts, Louis, and Piet Lombaerde. "The Use of Differentiated Habitat Constructs as an Alternative for the Zoning Principle Applied to an Economic Depressed Region." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. In this paper we will comment on the first results of a research program emphasizing the integration of qualitative-substantive aspects (significations, values and mental images) of the.iiving environment into an action-oriented process of physical planning. Through the mixed-setting approach we strive for differentiated habitat constructs on different planning levels. This method reacts against zoning that has been developed into a rigid instrument of allocation on land uses. In order to make this method operational we are in a process of using it to draw up a structure plan for a very problematic region between Antwerp and Brussels : the Rupel region.
Bru, Antonio Period. "Vernacular Architecture as a Pattern Language 'avant La Lettre Menorca, an Example." In Home-Environment. Man-Environment: Qualitative Aspects. IAPS. Barcelona, Spain, 1984. "The aim of Alexander's Pattern Language is to generate high quality environmental spaces with specific design processes. From his research derives an increase in the perception capacity: we re-learn to observe the surrounding reality. Menorca, immersed in its insularity, offers a model on scale in which vernacular architecture assumes great significance. From the observation of those aspects that form its identification, we ratify a specific quality which is part of the vernacular reality. The superposition of the two suggested readings give place to confirming: - Pre-existance of a snared language in vernacular architecture. - P.L.'s inoperativeness as an "inverted process": it is not possible to reproduce an environmental quality from mere formalization of a language. - P.L.'s operativeness as an acquisition tool for observing the world around us in so far as its spatial formalization is concerned, but not taking in effectively the inherent dimension to temporality. We emphasize then the importance of OBSERVATION -taking into account not only environmental spatiallity category, but at daily temporality-, on the basis of the origin of the design."